HP-42S Lewis Processor Instruction Set


Hi! I was playing around with the HP-42S built-in memory scanner trying to find out its ROM structure. I've found very usefull a 10 years old post by Jay B. Harlow but I've a couple of questions, maybe some of you can help me:

1) At the functions table (beggining at 1DB61) the whole set of functions of the calc is listed. Each 'register' has a 1 nibble field with the length of the name of the function, followed by the name itself (1 byte per character) and a 5 nibbles field witch should be an address... has anyone got more info about this point? It looks like an index or a relative address, right?

2) The Instruction Set seems to be radical different from the 28 and 48 series one. Does it exist any list with the processor instructions (like the Gariepy's one for the 28/48)?



Would be nice, if you'd post this article here

1) A 5 nibble address is almost certainly an absolute address. Please note, the addresses lie in the memory in the reverse direction.

If your address is "ABCDE" after loading, the register will contain "EDCBA"

That's the method, I would jump to such a pointer (if I were HP):

LC(5) Pointradr Load address of pointer

CD1EX swap into Data pointer 1

C=DAT1 A Load pointer

RSTK=C onto Return Stack

RETURN Jump there

(The CGI script for the forum filters my formatting spaces out, so this might get unreadable afterwards - grrrr) In the "newer" CPUs (after the 71B's CPU) there was a PC=C or PC=A command, so the last two commands could be substituted with:

PC=C Jump there

2) I guess you've found the "official" HP mnemonics. Gariepy's nemonics are not the official Mnemonics and the HP Guys didn't correspond about them in the past, because they didn't "understand" them. They were simply used to their own mnemonics. (And so am I)

If there are commands like A=A+A C or LCHEX ... or like the ones I used above then these are definitely the official mnemonics.


My fault, the point is that I don't have a mnemonics list, I'm looking for one. I don't care if they're official or not as long as they are readable, for me "236B9308DCE..." means nothing if I cannot translate it to move.a a,c; add.a 6,d1 ;... or whatever.

I've found out that most of Jay B. Harlow's post is at Craig A. Finseth HPDATABase. There's also a post by Joe K. Horn explaining that the address field represents a library ID and a function ID (just as in the HP-41C, like 48's XLIBs?). But I don't know where to find the actual code of the functions.

By the way, I was wrong and the address field is the first one, so the "function's table" begins at 1DB5C.

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  How to set the Date.Time etc on a WP34S Harold A Climer 4 942 10-29-2013, 09:32 PM
Last Post: FORTIN Pascal
  Prime Program number of set bits kris223 3 855 10-23-2013, 03:05 PM
Last Post: David Hayden
  Able to set HP 48G axis tick marks at integers? Randal B 1 486 01-24-2013, 12:40 AM
Last Post: Chris Dreher
  x swap (I) hp 35s instruction Denis Doyon 4 786 12-25-2012, 11:22 AM
Last Post: Walter B
  Any informal HHC2012 time set aside for WP34S??? Namir 8 1,125 09-07-2012, 09:26 AM
Last Post: Eddie W. Shore
  HP35s Internal Investigations - new processor? stefan 5 974 03-08-2012, 04:48 AM
Last Post: Paul Dale
  Unable to start and run EMU41 on new 64-bit Processor Laptop running with Windows 7 Antoine M. Couëtte 6 988 12-18-2011, 10:23 AM
Last Post: Massimo Gnerucci (Italy)
  [WP34S] Numeric Integrator Has Max Iterations Set? Les Wright 6 988 11-23-2011, 05:35 AM
Last Post: Paul Dale
  Just got my Museum DVD Set... Raymond Wiker 4 772 11-16-2011, 11:12 AM
Last Post: DigiGal
  HP17BII+ Hardware - Atmel processor? Thomas Chrapkiewicz 4 726 10-16-2011, 11:32 PM
Last Post: JamesT

Forum Jump: