I like to tell you how I became more familiar with % function of the HP12c.

VAT = Value Added Tax (in the European Union)

NET = GROSS/(1+(VAT RATE/100))

VAT = NET*(VAT RATE/100)

I wanted to write a short program which a) calculates NET amount into Y register and b) calculates VAT into X register. In this case VAT RATE is stored in R0-register. Usage: Key in the GROSS amount and press [R/S].

First I wrote the following program (16 steps)

01 RCL 0

02 1

03 0

04 0

05 /

06 1

07 +

08 /

09 ENTER

10 ENTER

11 RCL 0

12 1

13 0

14 0

15 /

16 *

Then I realized my calculator has a % function and I wrote my program again (now 7 steps)

01 1

02 RCL 0

03 %

04 +

05 /

06 RCL 0

07 %

The % function of the RPN-calculators is more useful function than I believed!

Kalevipoeg --

Good thinking! Of course, "per cent" *means* "per 100", so those are logical simplifications.

Among Voyagers, only the HP-12C and HP-10C have a "%" key as an unshifted function. I believe that "%" is much more useful in business than in science and engineering, in which "delta-%" is more useful. It makes sense to me that the 12C would have "%" unshifted.

However, the basic scientific 10C *omitted* "delta-%", while providing "%" unshifted. __Not__ good thinking...

Hello Kalevipoeg. Nice to see you again.

Today I learned from Wikipedia that you must be the son of Kalev :-)

Indeed it can be very handy the way % preserves Y. I once had fun using i,PV and FV

(with n=1 and PMT=0) to do all shopkeeper markup/markdown calculations, which parallel

VAT/normal_tax(eg income tax) calculations. The markdown and income tax percentages need

to be entered as negative. It takes a bit of getting used to as PV and FV have opposite

signs, but we usually know which is the larger. And then PV+FV gives the amount of the

tax for example. Yes, I remember now, last year in Datafile V23N2P14/15, I wrote about this

- also showing how to calculate markup given markdown, and vice-versa.

So you could set FV=GROSS, i=VAT RATE. Then solving for PV gives -NET. You can input

any two, and solve for the third - not that this is very useful, except if you are a tax

consultant or a shopkeeper :-) But it is fun to try and do many calculations, actually

seen in daily life, with one equation: PV*(1+i/100)+FV=0.

BTW I have submitted some 12C games to HPCC Datafile and I mention your name in bold when

presenting lunar lander, referring folk to your Moon Landing Simulator as published here

early last month. I hope you don't mind - I never thought to ask!

Cheers,

Tony

Thank you Tony. I'm happy you mentioned my name. Thanks.

About VAT calculations

Why did I want to calculate NET amount into Y register and VAT into X register?

Answer: Now I can use Sigma+ to calculate totals if necessary.

*Edited: 28 Nov 2005, 7:41 a.m. *